Chefchaouen (or simply Chaouen) is a charming small town in the Rif mountain. Located at the foot of two mountains, Jebel Kela and Tissouka, she has also derived its name (meaning chefchaouen "the two horns"). Nicknamed "the holy city" for its many religious buildings, it also has probably the most beautiful Medina Rif.
In this beautiful scenery of mountains, it is an ideal location as "base camp" while on holiday, since it is both the starting point for hiking, it is particularly quiet and relaxing there while having beautiful beaches nearby (50km magnificent roads).
The name consists of two words: "Chouf" which means "look" and "echaouen" the plural of "ech" Amazigh, which means "horn" pointing and often the top of the mountain. Therefore, the meaning of "Chefchaouen" would then "watch the horns" and more specifically "looking at the mountain tops."
Chefchaouen is nicknamed "the blue city" because of its small white buildings with windows and doors are painted blue.
The founding of this city was to protect the population against the Portuguese and Spanish conquest.
From the late fifteenth century, Andalusian and Moorish that settled there make it a prosperous city, imposing religious non-mixed: Christians do not have access to the city, on pain of death. Only the explorer Charles de Foucauld defied the ban in 1883.
In 1920, the Spanish seized Chefchaouen, which will then be bombarded by Franco's troops. The city was not surrendered to Morocco in 1956, following the repeal of the Protectorate